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, 48 (15-16), 1793-9

Carbon Monoxide, a Reaction Product of Heme oxygenase-1, Suppresses the Expression of C-reactive Protein by Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Through Modulation of the Unfolded Protein Response

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Carbon Monoxide, a Reaction Product of Heme oxygenase-1, Suppresses the Expression of C-reactive Protein by Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Through Modulation of the Unfolded Protein Response

Jihwa Chung et al. Mol Immunol.

Abstract

The expression of C-reactive protein (CRP) rises rapidly in response to inflammation. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been reported to cause CRP expression. Carbon monoxide (CO), a reaction product of heme oxygenase, exerts anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we aimed to examine the role of CO in modulating ER stress-induced CRP expression. In HepG2 cells, ER stress triggered by tunicamycin, thapsigargin and homocysteine markedly induced CRP expression and the activation of protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), inositol-requiring transmembrane kinase/endonuclease 1α (IRE1α), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), and hepatocyte-specific cyclic AMP response element binding protein H (CREBH). A CO-releasing molecule (CORM) inhibited ER stress-induced CRP expression. While CORM attenuated ER stress-induced activation of IRE1α, ATF6 and CREBH, it augmented PERK activation, which was associated with its inhibition of CRP expression. CORM also inhibited CRP expression in response to the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 that was found to induce ER stress response in HepG2 cells. Moreover, in mice treated with the ER stress inducer tunicamycin, CORM administration reduced serum levels of CRP and the expression of CRP mRNA in the liver. Collectively, our findings suggest that CO may attenuate ER stress-induced CRP expression through modulation of the unfolded protein response.

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