Cholelithiasis in a toddler with sickle cell disease

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2011 Jun;27(6):533-4. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e31821dc6a1.


Cholelithiasis is rarely seen in toddlers and school-aged children, even in the setting of sickle cell anemia. In addition to more common etiologies, such as gastroenteritis, constipation, and urinary tract infection, the differential diagnoses of acute abdominal pain in young children with sickle cell disease include vaso-occlusive pain crisis and splenic sequestration. We describe a case of a toddler with sickle cell disease initially presenting with abdominal pain who was found to have symptomatic cholelithiasis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Pain / diagnostic imaging
  • Abdominal Pain / etiology*
  • Abdominal Pain / surgery
  • Anemia, Sickle Cell / complications*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic / methods
  • Cholelithiasis / complications*
  • Cholelithiasis / diagnostic imaging
  • Cholelithiasis / surgery
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ultrasonography