Modulation of an n→π* interaction with α-fluoro groups

ARKIVOC. 2010 Jul 8;2010:251-262.


Noncovalent interactions play an essential role in biological and chemical processes. In the main chain of common protein secondary structures, the lone pair (n) of a carbonyl oxygen is delocalized into the antibonding orbital (π*) of the subsequent carbonyl group. Herein, experimental and computational data reveal that this n→π* interaction can be attenuated by the inductive electron withdrawal of one or two α-fluoro groups in the donor. The steric effect of three α-fluoro groups, however, overcomes the inductive withdrawal. These data evoke a means to modulate the n→π* interaction in peptides, proteins, and other systems.