Recent trends and patterns in cesarean and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) deliveries in the United States

Clin Perinatol. 2011 Jun;38(2):179-92. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2011.03.007.


Cesarean delivery is the most common major surgical procedure for women in the United States, with 1.4 million surgeries annually. In 2008, nearly one-third (32.3%) of US births were by cesarean delivery. Cesarean delivery rates have increased rapidly in the United States in recent years because of an increasing primary cesarean delivery rate and a declining vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) rate. In 2007, the VBAC rate was 8.3% in a 22-state reporting area. The US VBAC rate was lowest among 14 industrialized countries; 3 countries had VBAC rates greater than 50%.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data
  • Cesarean Section / trends*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internationality
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • United States
  • Vaginal Birth after Cesarean / statistics & numerical data
  • Vaginal Birth after Cesarean / trends*
  • Young Adult