Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 92 (7), 1170-6

Phylogenetics and Diversification of Cotyledon (Crassulaceae) Inferred From Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequence Data

Affiliations

Phylogenetics and Diversification of Cotyledon (Crassulaceae) Inferred From Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequence Data

Mark E Mort et al. Am J Bot.

Abstract

Crassulaceae includes approximately 35 genera and 1500 species of leaf and stem succulent flowering plants. The family is nearly cosmopolitan in distribution, but is particularly diverse in southern Africa, where five genera comprising approximately 325 species are found. One of these genera, Cotyledon, includes 10 species that are largely confined to South Africa, where they are commonly found on rocky hillsides, coastal flats, and cliff faces. Species of Cotyledon are characterized by five-parted, pendulous, sympetalous flowers, but the genus is highly diverse in growth form, flower color and size, and leaf morphology. One particularly variable species, C. orbiculata, has been divided into five varieties based on leaf morphology and biogeography; however, the monophyly of this species as well as the relationships among the varieties have not previously been investigated. Parsimony analyses of a combined data set of DNA sequences from chloroplast and nuclear genome provided the first estimate of phylogeny for Cotyledon, and resulted in two minimum-length trees and a fully resolved phylogeny for the genus. Results indicate that C. orbiculata is not monophyletic and suggest the need for additional studies and a revised classification within the genus.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback