Dynamics of expression of ARID1A and ARID1B subunits in mouse embryos and in cells during the cell cycle

Cell Tissue Res. 2011 Jul;345(1):137-48. doi: 10.1007/s00441-011-1182-x. Epub 2011 Jun 7.


The mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes play essential roles in cell cycle control through the transcriptional regulation of cell-cycle-specific genes. These complexes depend on the energy of ATP hydrolysis provided by the BRG1 or BRM catalytic subunit. They contain seven or more noncatalytic subunits, some being constitutive components, with others having paralogs that assemble in a combinatory manner producing different SWI/SNF-related complexes with specific functions. ARID1A and ARID1B are mutually exclusive subunits of the BAF complex. The specific presence of these subunits in the complex has been demonstrated to determine whether SWI/SNF functions as a corepressor (ARID1A) or as a coactivator (ARID1B) of the cell cycle genes. Our aim has been to analyze the relevance of the ARID1 subunits in development. We have compared the patterns of expression of these two genes through various mouse embryonic stages. Arid1a is expressed widely and intensively, whereas Arid1b is poorly transcribed and expressed in selected regions. Moreover, ARID1A and ARID1B present different kinetics of expression in the cell cycle. ARID1A accumulates in G0 and is downregulated throughout the cell cycle phases but is completely eliminated during mitosis, whereas ARID1B is expressed at comparable levels at all phases, even during mitosis. These kinetics probably affect the incorporation patterns of the ARID1 proteins to the complex and hence modulate SWI/SNF activity during proliferation and arrest.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blastocyst / cytology
  • Blastocyst / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle* / genetics
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Embryo, Mammalian / cytology*
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Immunoblotting
  • Interphase
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Protein Subunits / genetics
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitin / metabolism


  • Arid1a protein, mouse
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Subunits
  • Transcription Factors
  • Ubiquitin