Field observations of fish species susceptible to epizootic ulcerative syndrome in the Zambezi River basin in Sesheke District of Zambia

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2012 Jan;44(1):179-83. doi: 10.1007/s11250-011-9906-1. Epub 2011 Jun 7.


A field investigation was conducted in the Sesheke District of Zambia along the Zambezi River to determine the fish species susceptible to epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS), a newly confirmed disease in Southern Africa. A total of 2,132 fishes were inspected for gross EUS-like lesions, of which 188 (8.82%; 95% CI=7.67-10.1%) were found with typical characteristic lesions of EUS. Of these 188 samples, 156 were found to have mycotic granulomas on histopathological analysis, representing 83.0% (95% CI=76.7-87.9%) of the initially identified in the laboratory through gross examination. The following 16 species of fish were examined and found with EUS lesions; Clarias ngamensis, Clarias gariepinus, Barbus poechii, Tilapia sparrmanii, Serranochromis angusticeps, Brycinus lateralis, Micralestes acutidens, Sargochromis carlottae, Hydrocynus vittatus, Phryngochromis acuticeps, Schilbe intermedius, Hepsetus odoe, Labeo lunatus, Oreochromis andersonii, Barbus unitaeniatus, and Barbus paludinosus. T. sparrmanii did not show any lesions, while the Clarias species were found to be the most afflicted with EUS. These results could be useful to fish farmers and organizations interested in improving aquaculture in the area.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aphanomyces / physiology*
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
  • Fish Diseases / epidemiology
  • Fish Diseases / microbiology
  • Fish Diseases / pathology*
  • Fishes / classification
  • Fishes / microbiology*
  • Infections / epidemiology
  • Infections / microbiology
  • Infections / pathology
  • Infections / veterinary*
  • Prevalence
  • Rivers
  • Skin Diseases / epidemiology
  • Skin Diseases / microbiology
  • Skin Diseases / pathology
  • Skin Diseases / veterinary*
  • Zambia / epidemiology