The Geneva Appetitive Alcohol Pictures (GAAP): development and preliminary validation

Eur Addict Res. 2011;17(5):225-30. doi: 10.1159/000328046. Epub 2011 Jun 7.


This study describes a new database of alcohol-related pictures: The Geneva Appetitive Alcohol Pictures (GAAP). 60 alcohol-related pictures (beverages, drinking-related behaviors, alcohol-related cues) were presented to 101 participants (ranging from social drinkers to problem drinkers), who assessed them according to the classic emotional pictures validation provided by the International Affective Picture System (Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention (CSEA[-]NIMH), 2002). Participants were also screened with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Normative ratings for valence, arousal and dominance of the pictures are provided separately for problem/risky users (n = 49) and non-risky drinkers (n = 52). The GAAP is a normative database that provides a large number of stimuli for investigators who conduct research on alcohol.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
  • Alcoholic Beverages
  • Alcoholism / psychology*
  • Arousal
  • Behavioral Research / methods*
  • Cues*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Photic Stimulation / methods*
  • Social Dominance
  • Visual Perception