Earlier studies on the association between celiac disease (CD) and psoriasis show contradictory results. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of psoriasis in patients with biopsy-verified CD. Through 28 pathology departments in Sweden, we identified individuals with CD diagnosed between 1969 and 2008 (Marsh 3: villous atrophy; n = 28,958 unique individuals). We then used Cox regression to compare individuals with CD with 143,910 sex- and age-matched controls regarding their risk of psoriasis. CD was a risk factor for future psoriasis (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.72; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.54-1.92; during follow-up, 401 individuals with CD and 1,139 controls had a diagnosis of psoriasis). The absolute risk of future psoriasis in patients with CD was 135/100,000 person-years (excess risk = 57/100,000). In all, 42% of all psoriasis in patients with CD could be attributed to the underlying CD. Moreover, in children we saw a positive association between CD and psoriasis (HR = 2.05; 95% CI = 1.62-2.60). The association between CD and psoriasis seems to be independent of a temporal relationship, as we also found a positive association between CD and psoriasis before CD diagnosis (odds ratio = 1.91; 95% CI = 1.58-2.31). In conclusion, individuals with CD were at increased risk of psoriasis both before and after CD diagnosis.