Objective: To investigate the effects of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLPs) on advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptor (RAGE) of aorta pectoralis in the T2DM rats, and explore the protective mechanism of GLPs on the aorta pectoralis.
Method: SD rats were fed with high-fat diet for 4 weeks and then were injected STZ (30 mg x kg(-1)) to induce the type 2 diabetic rats. Once the T2DM models were set successfully, rats were randomly divided into normal control group, diabetes model (DM) group, berberine (30 mg x kg(-1)) group, GLPs of low (GLPs-L), middle (GLPs-M) and high-dose (GLPs-H) group (GLPs were orally given 200, 400, 800 mg x kg(-1)). After 12 weeks' treatment, the content of fasting blood glucose and AGEs in serum were detected. The expressions of AGEs and RAGE in aortas pectoralis were measured both by immunohistochemistric assays and western-blot analysis.
Result: Compared with DM group, the content of blood glucose and AGEs in serum were significantly decreased in GLPs-H group and GLPs-M group (P < 0.01). Compared with DM group, the expressions of AGEs and RAGE in aorta pectoralis were decreased in other groups, especially in GLPs-H group (P < 0. 01).
Conclusion: GLPs could low blood glucose and protect aortas effectively. The mechanisms may be involved in down-regulation the expressions of AGEs and RAGE in aortal tissue.