Pericardial cysts: an analysis of 12 cases

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2011 Sep;21(7):595-8. doi: 10.1089/lap.2011.0034. Epub 2011 Jun 9.


Background: Pericardial cysts are usually asymtomatic, benign, congenital mediastinal lesions but may also be acquired after cardiothoracic surgery. The purpose of the study was to evaluate surgical approach and results of our experience with pericardial cysts.

Patients and methods: A total of 12 patients who had undergone surgical treatment for pericardial cyst between February 1999 and August 2010 were retrospectively evaluated. All patients were analyzed according to the symptoms, method for the diagnosis, cyst location, management, and outcomes.

Results: The mean age was 50.4±17 years (range, 23-68 years) with a female-to-male ratio of 8:4. Pericardial cyst were located in the right hemithorax in 8 (67%) patients and left hemithorax in 4 (33%) patients. The cysts were resected by thoracotomy in 4 (33%) patients and by video-assisted thoracic surgery in 8 (67%) patients. There was an excellent long-term follow-up with no morbidity or mortality.

Conclusion: Videothoracoscopic surgical removal of pericardial cysts is an excellent surgical intervention without serious morbidity and mortality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mediastinal Cyst / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • Thoracotomy
  • Young Adult