GWAS for discovery and replication of genetic loci associated with sudden cardiac arrest in patients with coronary artery disease

BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2011 Jun 10;11:29. doi: 10.1186/1471-2261-11-29.

Abstract

Background: Epidemiologic evidence suggests a heritable component to risk for sudden cardiac arrest independent of risk for myocardial infarction. Recent candidate gene association studies for community sudden cardiac arrests have focused on a limited number of biological pathways and yielded conflicting results. We sought to identify novel gene associations for sudden cardiac arrest in patients with coronary artery disease by performing a genome-wide association study.

Methods: Tagging SNPs (n = 338,328) spanning the genome were typed in a case-control study comparing 89 patients with coronary artery disease and sudden cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation to 520 healthy controls.

Results: Fourteen SNPs including 7 SNPs among 7 genes (ACYP2, AP1G2, ESR1, DGES2, GRIA1, KCTD1, ZNF385B) were associated with sudden cardiac arrest (all p < 1.30 × 10(-7)), following Bonferroni correction and adjustment for population substructure, age, and sex; genetic variation in ESR1 (p = 2.62 × 10(-8); Odds Ratio [OR] = 1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.277, 1.596) has previously been established as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In tandem, the role of 9 genes for monogenic long QT syndrome (LQT1-9) was assessed, yielding evidence of association with CACNA1C (LQT8; p = 3.09 × 10(-4); OR = 1.18, 95% CI:1.079, 1.290). We also assessed 4 recently published gene associations for sudden cardiac arrest, validating NOS1AP (p = 4.50 × 10(-2), OR = 1.15, 95% CI:1.003, 1.326), CSMD2 (p = 6.6 × 10(-3), OR = 2.27, 95% CI:1.681, 2.859), and AGTR1 (p = 3.00 × 10(-3), OR = 1.13, 95% CI:1.042, 1.215).

Conclusion: We demonstrate 11 gene associations for sudden cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation in patients with coronary artery disease. Validation studies in independent cohorts and functional studies are required to confirm these associations.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Coronary Artery Disease / genetics*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / mortality*
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Genetic Loci / genetics*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study* / methods
  • Haplotypes / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*