Background: The time from symptom onset to reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction (MI) has been shown to be a poor predictor of patient outcome. Acute electrocardiographic (ECG) changes, however, have been shown useful for estimated acuteness of myocardial ischemia using the Anderson-Wilkins ECG ischemia acuteness score (AW-acuteness score). The aim was to study whether acute ischemic ECG changes can predict the amount of salvageable myocardium in patients with acute ST-elevation MI.
Methods: Thirty-eight patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for first-time ST-elevation MI were retrospectively enrolled. Myocardium at risk (MaR) was determined by myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography acutely or by T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance after 1 week, at the same time when final MI size was determined by late gadolinium enhancement. Myocardial salvage was calculated as (MaR - MI size)/MaR and compared with AW-acuteness score and time from symptom onset to primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
Results: The AW-acuteness score correlated significantly with salvageable myocardium for right coronary artery (RCA) occlusions (r = -0.57; P = .02) but not for left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusions (r = -0.04; P = .88). Time from symptom onset did not correlate with the amount of salvageable myocardium (LAD, r = 0.04 and P = .87; RCA, r = -0.40 and P = .13).
Conclusions: There is a moderate correlation between AW-acuteness score and salvageable myocardium in patients with acute RCA occlusion but not in patients with LAD occlusion.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.