Assessment of the degree of pelvic tilt within a normal asymptomatic population

Man Ther. 2011 Dec;16(6):646-8. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2011.04.006. Epub 2011 Jun 11.


In clinical practice the degree of pelvic tilt is commonly assessed because of its reported relationship to pelvic, spinal and lower limb pathologies. There is little normative data presented within the literature establishing typical findings within an asymptomatic population from which to make comparisons in pathological populations. The aim of this study was to report typical pelvic angle in an asymptomatic populations and also the degree of side-to-side asymmetry which might exist within the pelvis. Pelvic angle was measured by finding the angle from horizontal of a line between the anterior superior and posterior superior iliac spines of the ilium using a PALM palpation meter in 120 healthy subjects (65 males, 55 females) with a mean age of 23.8(2.1) years. 85% of males and 75% of females presented with an anterior pelvic tilt, 6% of males and 7% of females with a posterior tilt and 9% of males and 18% of females presented as neutral. There was significant difference in pelvic angle between sides for males (p = 0.002) but a non-significant difference between sides for females (p = 0.314). But the difference in angle for males between sides was less than the smallest detectable difference statistic found in the reliability study, so most likely to be due to measurement error.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pelvic Bones / physiology*
  • Pelvimetry
  • Pelvis / physiology
  • Physical Examination / methods
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
  • Reference Values
  • Sampling Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Young Adult