Macular findings on optical coherence tomography in cat-scratch disease neuroretinitis

Eye (Lond). 2011 Aug;25(8):1064-8. doi: 10.1038/eye.2011.125. Epub 2011 Jun 10.


Purpose: To describe the macular findings on optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with cat-scratch disease (CSD) neuroretinitis.

Methods: Medical records of all patients diagnosed with CSD neuroretinitis at the Tel Aviv Medical Center between April 2006 and May 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent Stratus OCT macular examination.

Results: Eight eyes of seven patients with confirmed CSD neuroretinitis, (mean age 33 ± 9.9 years, range 6-48 years) were included in the study. All patients presented clinically with optic nerve swelling and macular edema or macular exudates. OCT demonstrated flattening of the foveal contour, thickening of the neurosensory retina, and accumulation of subretinal fluid (SRF) in all studied eyes. Retinal exudates appeared as multiple hyper-reflective foci in the outer plexiform layer. The average central macular thickness was 460 μm (range 170-906 μm) and the average maximal retinal thickness was 613 μm (range 387-1103 μm), at presentation. The macula appeared normal on repeated exams during follow-up.

Conclusion: Similar OCT findings were demonstrated in patients with CSD neuroretinitis. SRF was found in all eyes, although was not visible on clinical examination or fluorescein angiography. OCT may be used as an adjunct imaging tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with CSD neuroretinitis.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cat-Scratch Disease / pathology*
  • Cat-Scratch Disease / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Humans
  • Macular Edema / pathology*
  • Macular Edema / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retinitis / pathology*
  • Retinitis / physiopathology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / standards*
  • Visual Acuity / physiology
  • Young Adult