A series of tetrahydropyranyl (THP) derivatives has been developed as potent inhibitors of isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransferase (ICMT) for use as anticancer agents. Structural modification of the submicromolar hit compound 3 led to the potent 3-methoxy substituted analogue 27. Further SAR development around the THP ring resulted in an additional 10-fold increase in potency, exemplified by analogue 75 with an IC(50) of 1.3 nM. Active and potent compounds demonstrated a dose-dependent increase in Ras cytosolic protein. Potent ICMT inhibitors also reduced cell viability in several cancer cell lines with growth inhibition (GI(50)) values ranging from 0.3 to >100 μM. However, none of the cellular effects observed using ICMT inhibitors were as pronounced as those resulting from a farnesyltransferase inhibitor.