Many people rely economically on occupations involving high loading of the hip or knee joints for lengthy periods, possibly placing them at increased risk of developing chronic pain in these joints. There is a growing body of evidence from large longitudinal cohort studies, case-control studies and population-based surveys that certain occupations, or having work involving considerable heavy lifting, kneeling or squatting, may be associated with increased risk of symptomatic hip or knee osteoarthritis and joint replacement surgery. Only a few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of specific workplace strategies to reduce this risk. Identifying modifiable workplace risk factors and implementing feasible and accessible preventative strategies will be of great public health significance in the next decade.
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