From snoRNA to miRNA: Dual Function Regulatory Non-Coding RNAs

Biochimie. 2011 Nov;93(11):1987-92. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2011.05.026. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Abstract

Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are an ancient class of small non-coding RNAs present in all eukaryotes and a subset of archaea that carry out a fundamental role in the modification and processing of ribosomal RNA. In recent years, however, a large proportion of snoRNAs have been found to be further processed into smaller molecules, some of which display different functionality. In parallel, several studies have uncovered extensive similarities between snoRNAs and other types of small non-coding RNAs, and in particular microRNAs. Here, we explore the extent of the relationship between these types of non-coding RNA and the possible underlying evolutionary forces that shaped this subset of the current non-coding RNA landscape.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Archaea / genetics*
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • RNA Isoforms / genetics
  • RNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • RNA, Small Nucleolar / genetics*
  • RNA, Small Nucleolar / metabolism

Substances

  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA Isoforms
  • RNA, Ribosomal
  • RNA, Small Nucleolar