Superficial fungal infections of the male genitalia: a review

Crit Rev Microbiol. 2011 Aug;37(3):237-44. doi: 10.3109/1040841X.2011.572862. Epub 2011 Jun 14.


Fungal infections of the genitals are probably more common than realized; however, relatively few reports concerning fungal genital infections exist in the literature. In this review, the fungal microbiota of the penis are highlighted, and the epidemiological characteristics of Candida balanitis, penile pityriasis versicolor, and tinea genitalis are addressed. In addition, the benefits of circumcision on male genital infections are included. However, systemic mycoses affecting the penis and/or scrotum will not be addressed in this review. To obtain a reliable diagnosis of genital fungal infections, medical history, clinical examination, and mycological and histological investigations of the lesions are critical.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Candidiasis / epidemiology
  • Candidiasis / microbiology*
  • Candidiasis / pathology
  • Candidiasis / prevention & control
  • Circumcision, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Penile Diseases / microbiology*
  • Penile Diseases / pathology*
  • Pityriasis / epidemiology
  • Pityriasis / microbiology*
  • Pityriasis / pathology
  • Pityriasis / prevention & control
  • Tinea / epidemiology
  • Tinea / microbiology*
  • Tinea / pathology*
  • Tinea / prevention & control