Prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection in Kech District, Balochistan, Pakistan: most infections remain unexplained. A cross-sectional study

Epidemiol Infect. 2012 Apr;140(4):716-23. doi: 10.1017/S0950268811001087. Epub 2011 Jun 15.


We studied a cross-sectional sample of the population of Kech, a small rural town in Pakistan to determine the prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis C infection. The prevalence of hepatitis C was 110 out of 2000 persons (5·5%, 95% confidence interval 4·5-6·5). Higher rates were identified in males. Independent risk factors identified were age ≥75 years, being a healthcare worker, and injecting drug use. There was a high prevalence of many potential routes of transmission of bloodborne viruses and most people reported at least one potential risk factor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / statistics & numerical data
  • Hepacivirus*
  • Hepatitis C / epidemiology*
  • Hepatitis C / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / epidemiology
  • Tattooing / adverse effects
  • Young Adult