The role of cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the management of recurrent advanced ovarian cancer: a prospective study

J BUON. 2011 Jan-Mar;16(1):74-9.


Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecological cancer. The current treatment of this type of cancer consists of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to examine if the hyperthermic intraoperative chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an alternative modality to treat this category of patients along with a second attempt of surgical resection and second or third line systemic chemotherapy.

Methods: Forty-eight patients suffering from advanced ovarian cancer (FIGO stages III and IV) who recurred after initial treatment with conservative or debulking surgery and systemic chemotherapy were included in this study. Twenty-four patients (group A) were treated with CRS followed by HIPEC and then systemic chemotherapy. Due to various reasons the remaining 24 patients (group B) were treated with CRS and systemic chemotherapy alone.

Results: The median survival for group A was 19.4 months vs. 11.2 months in group B (p <0.05). One-year survival was 85% in group A vs. 35% in group B (p <0.05). The 3-year survival rate was 50% in group A vs. 18%. in group B (p <0.01). The resection status was found to be a significant predictor of overall survival (p <0.05). Patients with peritoneal cancer index (PCI) score < 15 appeared also to have longer survival.

Conclusion: The use of HIPEC along with the extent of the disease and the extent of cytoreduction play an important role in the survival of patients with a recurrence in an initially advanced ovarian cancer.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced*
  • Injections, Intraperitoneal
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Prospective Studies


  • Antineoplastic Agents