Purpose: We followed the 4-week course of implanted VX2 tumors in rabbits and compared MRI and pathological findings to determine the appropriate time for starting therapy in animal liver tumor models.
Materials and methods: We used 18 Japanese white rabbits. The VX2 liver tumor was harvested from one tumor-bearing rabbit and implanted in the liver of the other 17 rabbits. They were then sacrificed at 1 (n = 5), 2 (n = 3), 3 (n = 4), and 4 weeks (n = 5) after implantation and MRI study. Using MRI scans and/or pathological specimens of individual rabbits, we evaluated the tumor survival ratio, the major tumor axes, intrahepatic metastases, and peritoneal dissemination.
Results: All tumor transplantations were successful. At 1 week, 56.25% of the implanted tumors were visualized on MRI scans. At 2 weeks or later, all transplanted rabbits were confirmed to be tumor-bearing on MRI scans. At 3 weeks after implantation, the tumor size was similar on MRI scans and in pathological specimens. There were no intra-hepatic metastases or peritoneal disseminations within 2 weeks of tumor transplantation.
Conclusion: We suggest that in studies of implanted VX2 models addressing the treatment of solid hepatic tumors, it may be prudent to start hepatic arterial embolization at 2 weeks after implantation.
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.