Detection of Bifidobacterium species by enzymatic methods

J Appl Bacteriol. 1990 Jun;68(6):619-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.1990.tb05227.x.


The properties of Bifidobacterium strains of human origin were examined by three enzymic tests and the amounts of acetic and lactic acids produced were also quantified. It was evident that two strains of the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) did not belong to the genus. Moreover, at least one strain of Bifidobacterium added to some milk preparations did not show distinctive characteristics of the genus. It was also shown that most of bifidobacteria studied produced alpha-galactosidase (EC and alpha-glucosidase (EC The presence of alpha-galactosidase could afford a rapid differentiation of bifidobacteria used in some dairy products since this enzyme was not detected in Lactobacillus strains studied.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / analysis
  • Aldehyde-Lyases / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Bifidobacterium / enzymology
  • Bifidobacterium / isolation & purification*
  • Galactosidases / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Lactates / analysis
  • Lactic Acid
  • alpha-Galactosidase / analysis*
  • alpha-Glucosidases / analysis*


  • Acetates
  • Lactates
  • Lactic Acid
  • Galactosidases
  • alpha-Glucosidases
  • alpha-Galactosidase
  • Aldehyde-Lyases
  • fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase