Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure for prediction of cardiovascular events and mortality in a Middle Eastern population

Blood Press. 2012 Feb;21(1):12-8. doi: 10.3109/08037051.2011.585808. Epub 2011 Jun 16.


We compared systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) as independent predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD), total and CVD mortality among an Iranian population. The study conducted among 5991 subjects aged ≥ 30 years without baseline CVD and antihypertensive medication. The mean of two measurements of SBP and DBP, in sitting position, was considered the subject's blood pressure. During a median follow-up of 8.7 years, 346 CVD and 157 deaths, 63 attributed to CVD, occurred. Hazard ratios (HRs) of each outcome were calculated for a one standard deviation (SD) increase in each blood pressure (BP) measures. In multivariate models, all BP measures were associated with increased risk of CVD regardless of age. In those aged < 60 years, SBP, DBP, PP and MAP were associated with total mortality (p < 0.05), but in subjects aged ≥ 60 years, only SBP and PP increased risk of total mortality significantly. In multivariate analyses, a 1SD increase in SBP, PP and MAP were associated with 35%, 31% and 28% increased risk of CVD mortality (p < 0.05). In terms of fitness and discrimination of models, DBP, PP and MAP were not superior to SBP. In conclusion, our findings provided further evidence from a Middle Eastern population, in support of SBP predictability for CVD events and CVD and all-cause mortality compared with other BP measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / etiology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / mortality
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Diastole
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Diseases / etiology
  • Heart Diseases / mortality
  • Heart Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / mortality
  • Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulse
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survival Rate
  • Systole