Medical management of paediatric burn injuries: best practice

J Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Apr;48(4):290-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02128.x. Epub 2011 Jun 17.


Burns commonly occur in children and their first aid remains inadequate despite burn prevention programmes. While scald injuries predominate, contact and flame burns remain common. Although typically less severe injuries overall than those in adults, hypertrophic scarring complicating both the burn wound and even donor sites occur more frequently in children. The heterogeneous nature of burn wounds, coupled with the difficulties associated with the early clinical assessment of burn depth, has stimulated the application of novel technologies to predict burn wound outcome. This review explores current best practice in the management of paediatric burns, with a focus on prevention, optimal first aid, resuscitation, burn wound prediction and wound management strategies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Burns / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cicatrix / prevention & control
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • First Aid / methods
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic