Deficits of cognitive control in schizophrenia are associated with altered gamma oscillations in the prefrontal cortex. Paralbumin basket interneurons, which innervate the perisomatic region of pyramidal neurons, appear to play a key role in generating cortical gamma oscillations. In the prefrontal cortex of subjects with schizophrenia, alterations are present in both pre- and post-synaptic markers of the strength of GABA inputs from parvalbumin basket neurons to pyramidal neurons. These alterations may contribute to the neural substrate for impaired gamma oscillations in schizophrenia.
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