Oat-bran cereal lowers serum total and LDL cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic men

Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Sep;52(3):495-9. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/52.3.495.

Abstract

Oat bran lowers serum lipid concentrations in healthy and hyperlipidemic subjects. To determine the effects of a ready-to-eat oat-bran cereal on lipid concentrations, we fed control (corn flakes) and oat-bran cereal diets for 2 wk to 12 men with undesirably high serum total-cholesterol concentrations. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of the two diets upon admission to the metabolic ward. After completing the first diet, subjects completed 2 wk on the alternate diet. Intakes of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and cholesterol were virtually identical on the two diets. The oat-bran cereal provided 25 g oat bran/d. The oat-bran cereal diet compared with the corn flakes diet lowered serum total-cholesterol and serum LDL-cholesterol concentrations significantly by 5.4% (p less than 0.05) and 8.5% (p less than 0.025), respectively. Final body weights on each of the diets were similar. Ready-to-eat oat-bran cereal provides a practical means to incorporate soluble fiber into the diet to lower serum cholesterol.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood*
  • Dietary Fiber / pharmacology*
  • Edible Grain*
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood*
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Assessment
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol