Psychological Distress and Subjective Burden of Caregivers of People With Mental Illness: The Role of Affiliate Stigma and Face Concern

Community Ment Health J. 2012 Jun;48(3):270-4. doi: 10.1007/s10597-011-9422-9. Epub 2011 Jun 17.


The present study tested the mediating role of affiliate stigma on the relationships between face concern with psychological distress and subjective burden among caregivers of people with severe mental illnesses. One hundred and eight Chinese caregivers in Hong Kong were surveyed. Based on Baron and Kenny's (J Pers Soc Psychol 51:1173-1182, 1986) approach, affiliate stigma was found to serve as a partial mediator between face concern and caregiver distress and a full mediator between face concern and subjective burden. Cultural linkage of stigma and caregiver outcomes was identified, suggesting that researchers and practitioners should use a culturally sensitive approach to understand caregivers' experience and alleviate their stigma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*
  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Culture
  • Family / psychology
  • Female
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / ethnology
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Mentally Ill Persons / psychology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prejudice
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Social Perception
  • Social Stigma
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult