Objective: To determine whether there might be an increased prevalence of undiagnosed celiac disease among a population of infertile women using serologic screening.
Study design: A prospective cohort study was performed at an academic infertility clinic in the United States.
Results: The overall prevalence of celiac disease in this population was 2.1% (4/188). There was a significantly increased prevalence (5.9%) of undiagnosed celiac disease among women presenting with unexplained infertility (n = 51).
Conclusion: Women with unexplained infertility are at increased risk for having undiagnosed celiac disease, which may be a potentially modifiable (and treatable) risk factor.