Delphinidin, a specific inhibitor of histone acetyltransferase, suppresses inflammatory signaling via prevention of NF-κB acetylation in fibroblast-like synoviocyte MH7A cells

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Jul 8;410(3):581-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.06.029. Epub 2011 Jun 12.


Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitors (HATi) isolated from dietary compounds have been shown to suppress inflammatory signaling, which contributes to rheumatoid arthritis. Here, we identified a novel HATi in Punica granatum L. known as delphinidin (DP). DP did not affect the activity of other epigenetic enzymes (histone deacetylase, histone methyltransferase, or sirtuin1). DP specifically inhibited the HAT activities of p300/CBP. It also inhibited p65 acetylation in MH7A cells, a human rheumatoid arthritis synovial cell line. DP-induced hypoacetylation was accompanied by cytosolic accumulation of p65 and nuclear localization of IKBα. Accordingly, DP treatment inhibited TNFα-stimulated increases in NF-κB function and expression of NF-κB target genes in these cells. Importantly, DP suppressed lipopolysaccharide-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in Jurkat T lymphocytes, demonstrating that HATi efficiently suppresses cytokine-mediated immune responses. Together, these results show that the HATi activity of DP counters anti-inflammatory signaling by blocking p65 acetylation and that this compound may be useful in preventing inflammatory arthritis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation / drug effects
  • Anthocyanins / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacology*
  • Arthritis / genetics
  • Arthritis / immunology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cytokines / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Gene Expression / genetics
  • Histone Acetyltransferases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Synovial Fluid / drug effects
  • Synovial Fluid / metabolism


  • Anthocyanins
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Cytokines
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • NF-kappa B
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • delphinidin