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, 27 (11-12), 1161-7

Effects of Flavonoids on α-Glucosidase Activity: Potential Targets for Glucose Homeostasis

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Effects of Flavonoids on α-Glucosidase Activity: Potential Targets for Glucose Homeostasis

Danielle Fontana Pereira et al. Nutrition.

Abstract

Objective: Flavonoids are naturally occurring compounds widely distributed in plants, which have hypoglycemic potential and have been described as glucosidase inhibitors. This study evaluated the effect of flavonoids on intestinal glucosidase activity after in vivo and in vitro treatment.

Methods: For the in vivo studies animals received quercetin by gavage and for the in vitro assays a segment of the small intestine was used. To obtain the oral glucose tolerance curve fasted normal rats were loaded with glucose plus flavonoids. The glycemia was measured by the glucose oxidase method.

Results: Quercetin reduced the effect of sucrase and maltase in the in vivo and in vitro treatments. It was observed in the in vitro studies that the maximum inhibitory effect of kaempferitrin was around 23% for maltase activity. Also, for the sucrose substrate the specific enzyme activity was significantly decreased. Aglycone, flavonoids, and kaempferol decreased significantly the maltase activity at all concentrations assayed. Finally, rutin reduced maltase-specific activity at all concentrations studied. According to the oral glucose tolerance curve, rutin reduced the serum glucose levels at 15, 30, and 60 min when administered by oral gavage 30 min before glucose overload in rats.

Conclusion: Based on these results, we can conclude that disaccharidases are targets of flavonoids in the regulation of glucose absorption and consequently glucose homeostasis.

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