Blood pressure distribution in a school-age population aged 8-10 years: the Odense Schoolchild Study

J Hypertens. 1990 Jul;8(7):641-6. doi: 10.1097/00004872-199007000-00007.


This paper describes the distribution of systolic and diastolic blood pressures in a homogeneous population of 1330 schoolchildren (81% of the eligible population) aged 8-10 years in Odense, Denmark. A single blood pressure measurement was made. No significant difference in mean blood pressure between the sexes could be demonstrated. A significant age-related increase in systolic blood pressure of 4.4 mmHg/year and in diastolic blood pressure of 3.4 mmHg/year was observed. Weight and the heart rate were important determinants of blood pressure level. Other positive determinants were age and triceps skinfold thickness. There was a significant association between diastolic blood pressure and sexual maturation, which seemed to depend on body weight.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Body Weight / physiology
  • Child
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Reference Values
  • Sexual Maturation / physiology