Purpose: Assess 12-month efficacy and safety of intraocular injections of 0.3 mg or 0.5 mg ranibizumab in patients with macular edema after branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO).
Design: Prospective, randomized, sham injection-controlled, double-masked, multicenter trial.
Participants: A total of 397 patients with macular edema after BRVO.
Methods: Eligible patients were randomized 1:1:1 to 6 monthly injections of 0.3 mg or 0.5 mg ranibizumab or sham injections. After 6 months, all patients with study eye best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≤20/40 or central subfield thickness ≥250 μm were to receive ranibizumab. Patients could receive rescue laser treatment once during the treatment period and once during the observation period if criteria were met.
Main outcome measures: The main efficacy outcome reported is mean change from baseline BCVA letter score at month 12. Additional visual and anatomic parameters were assessed.
Results: Mean (95% confidence interval) change from baseline BCVA letter score at month 12 was 16.4 (14.5-18.4) and 18.3 (15.8-20.9) in the 0.3 mg and 0.5 mg groups, respectively, and 12.1 (9.6-14.6) in the sham/0.5 mg group (P<0.01, each ranibizumab group vs. sham/0.5 mg). The percentage of patients who gained ≥15 letters from baseline BCVA at month 12 was 56.0% and 60.3% in the 0.3 mg and 0.5 mg groups, respectively, and 43.9% in the sham/0.5 mg group. On average, there was a marked reduction in central foveal thickness (CFT) after the first as-needed injection of 0.5 mg ranibizumab in the sham/0.5 mg group, which was sustained through month 12. No new ocular or nonocular safety events were identified.
Conclusions: At month 12, treatment with ranibizumab as needed during months 6-11 maintained, on average, the benefits achieved by 6 monthly ranibizumab injections in patients with macular edema after BRVO, with low rates of ocular and nonocular safety events. In the sham/0.5 mg group, treatment with ranibizumab as needed for 6 months resulted in rapid reduction in CFT to a similar level as that in the 0.3 mg ranibizumab treatment group and an improvement in BCVA, but not to the extent of that in the 2 ranibizumab groups. Intraocular injections of ranibizumab provide an effective treatment for macular edema after BRVO.
Financial disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.