Drawing upon both heuristic- and threat-based approaches, we sought to examine whether perceived similarity with injury-prone people and perceived control over injury occurrence would directly contribute to perceived risk and whether these variables would mediate the previous injury-perceived risk relationship. Judokas (n = 207) reported the number of injuries experienced in the past year and then completed measures of perceived similarity, perceived control, and injury risk perception. Analyses revealed that perceived similarity and perceived control directly contributed to perceived risk of injury; only perceived similarity acted as a partial mediator of the injury-perceived risk relationship. These findings are discussed in relation to the potential influence of the sport context, which universally involves the acceptance of a high risk of injury.
© 2011 Society for Risk Analysis.