Preliminary experience with external hemipelvectomy for locally advanced and recurrent pelvic carcinoma

Colorectal Dis. 2012 Feb;14(2):152-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2011.02556.x.


Aim: Eight highly selected patients are reported, undergoing external hemipelvectomy (EHP) for malignant infiltration of the lumbosacral neural plexus.

Method: All patients were evaluated by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), CT and magnetic resonance imaging. No evidence of disseminated disease was found. With agreement by the multidisciplinary team, surgery was performed by a colorectal surgeon and an orthopaedic sarcoma surgeon and, if needed, by an urologist and vascular surgeon. Patients were reconstructed with either a femoral or a gluteal musculocutaneous flap.

Results: Of the eight women [median age 54.5 (40-68) years], two had primary carcinoma and six local recurrence of a previously treated carcinoma. R0 was possible in six patients and R1 resection in two. The median duration of hospital stay was 29.5 (17-102) days. The median follow up was 8.3 (4.7-52.8) months. Three patients have died, one from postoperative complications at 5 months and two from recurrence at 5 and 52.8 months. Phantom-limb was experienced in six patients. Four patients received a prosthesis, one is considering this and one does not want a prosthesis.

Conclusion: Hemipelvectomy may be considered for a highly selected group of patients with locally advanced carcinoma or recurrence involving the lumbosacral neural plexus.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / pathology*
  • Carcinoma / surgery*
  • Female
  • Hemipelvectomy* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Lumbosacral Plexus / pathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Multimodal Imaging
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery*
  • Patient Selection
  • Pelvic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Pelvic Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome