Renewable energy from Cyanobacteria: energy production optimization by metabolic pathway engineering

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011 Aug;91(3):471-90. doi: 10.1007/s00253-011-3394-0. Epub 2011 Jun 21.


The need to develop and improve sustainable energy resources is of eminent importance due to the finite nature of our fossil fuels. This review paper deals with a third generation renewable energy resource which does not compete with our food resources, cyanobacteria. We discuss the current state of the art in developing different types of bioenergy (ethanol, biodiesel, hydrogen, etc.) from cyanobacteria. The major important biochemical pathways in cyanobacteria are highlighted, and the possibility to influence these pathways to improve the production of specific types of energy forms the major part of this review.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biofuels / microbiology*
  • Conservation of Energy Resources
  • Cyanobacteria / metabolism*
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Metabolic Networks and Pathways


  • Biofuels