ArsAB, a novel enzyme from Sporomusa ovata activates phenolic bases for adenosylcobamide biosynthesis

Mol Microbiol. 2011 Aug;81(4):952-67. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07741.x. Epub 2011 Jul 13.


In the homoacetogenic bacterium Sporomusa ovata, phenol and p-cresol are converted into α-ribotides, which are incorporated into biologically active cobamides (Cbas) whose lower ligand bases do not form axial co-ordination bonds with the cobalt ion of the corrin ring. Here we report the identity of two S. ovata genes that encode an enzyme that transfers the phosphoribosyl group of nicotinate mononucleotide (NaMN) to phenol or p-cresol, yielding α-O-glycosidic ribotides. The alluded genes were named arsA and arsB (for alpha-ribotide synthesis), arsA and arsB were isolated from a genomic DNA library of S. ovata. A positive selection strategy using an Escherichia coli strain devoid of NaMN:5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (DMB) phosphoribosyltransferase (CobT) activity was used to isolate a fragment of S. ovata DNA that contained arsA and arsB, whose nucleotide sequences overlapped by 8 bp. SoArsAB was isolated to homogeneity, shown to be functional as a heterodimer, and to have highest activity at pH 9. SoArsAB also activated DMB to its α-N-glycosidic ribotide. Previously characterized CobT-like enzymes activate DMB but do not activate phenolics. NMR spectroscopy was used to confirm the incorporation of phenol into the cobamide, and mass spectrometry was used to identify SoArsAB reaction products.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Biosynthetic Pathways
  • Cobamides / metabolism*
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Enzymes / genetics*
  • Enzymes / isolation & purification
  • Enzymes / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Gene Library
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Structure
  • Nicotinamide Mononucleotide / analogs & derivatives
  • Nicotinamide Mononucleotide / metabolism
  • Phenols / metabolism*
  • Protein Multimerization
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Veillonellaceae / enzymology*
  • Veillonellaceae / genetics


  • Cobamides
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Enzymes
  • Phenols
  • Nicotinamide Mononucleotide
  • nicotinate mononucleotide

Associated data

  • GENBANK/JF895493