The impact of Tai Chi exercise on coronary heart disease: a systematic review

J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2011 Jul;23(7):376-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7599.2011.00597.x. Epub 2011 Mar 31.


Purpose: (a) To explore current studies on Tai Chi and its impact on coronary heart disease (CHD), (b) provide critique of existing studies, and (c) provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research.

Data sources: Comprehensive review of literature.

Conclusions: Tai Chi is a safe alternative exercise for patients who are at risk of CHD or with existing CHD. Implementing Tai Chi exercise may improve serum lipids, blood pressure, and heart rate.

Implications for practice: Nurse practitioners (NPs) are in an ideal position to facilitate health promotion and disease prevention. NPs may prescribe Tai Chi as an alternative exercise therapy for their patients who are at risk for developing CHD and even for those with existing CHD. Tai Chi exercise may help prevent and even reverse the progression of cardiac disease.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure
  • Coronary Artery Disease / nursing
  • Coronary Artery Disease / prevention & control
  • Coronary Artery Disease / therapy*
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Health Promotion
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / nursing
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Hypertension / therapy*
  • Nurse Practitioners*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Tai Ji*
  • Time Factors