Diet and lifestyle as trigger factors for the onset of heartburn

Nurs Stand. 2011 May 11-17;25(36):44-8. doi: 10.7748/ns2011.


Aim: To examine prospectively the role of reported trigger factors on symptom onset in patients with heartburn and highlight the role of these factors in the management of heartburn in the primary care setting. METHOD Twenty-two patients with heartburn and 50 controls were recruited in Bedfordshire, UK. A seven-day symptom and trigger diary was completed by patients and controls.

Results: Patients reported a collection of heartburn symptoms varying in severity and time of day. Aspects of diet and lifestyle perceived as trigger factors included large meals, time of eating and posture. Multiple trigger factors were reported for heartburn.

Conclusion: Although symptom onset varies between individuals, consideration should be given to trigger factors in the management of heartburn symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Heartburn / etiology*
  • Heartburn / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • United Kingdom