Blueprint for development of the advanced practice psychiatric nurse workforce

Nurs Outlook. 2012 Mar-Apr;60(2):91-104. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2011.04.007. Epub 2011 Jun 23.


The mental health system is inefficient and ineffective in providing behavioral health care services to the 1 in 4 Americans who have a mental illness or a substance abuse problem. Current health care reform initiatives present a significant opportunity for advanced practice psychiatric nurses-psychiatric mental health (APRN-PMH) to develop action-oriented recommendations for developing their workforce and thereby increasing access to high-quality and full-spectrum behavioral health care services. If endorsed by the professional nursing associations and the APRN-PMH workforce, the strategies presented in this paper provide a blueprint for developing the APRN-PMH workforce. Achieving these goals will significantly reform the APRN-PMH workforce, thereby contributing to the overall goal of supporting an integrated model of behavioral health care. No change has as much potential to influence the APRN-PMH workforce as the uniting of all APRN-PMHs in a "Blueprint for APRN-PMH Workforce Development."

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Advanced Practice Nursing* / organization & administration
  • Health Care Reform
  • Humans
  • Nurse's Role*
  • Nursing Administration Research
  • Organizational Objectives
  • Psychiatric Nursing* / organization & administration
  • Staff Development / organization & administration*
  • United States
  • Workforce