TP53 mutations in human cancer: database reassessment and prospects for the next decade

Adv Cancer Res. 2011;110:107-39. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-386469-7.00005-0.

Abstract

TP53 mutations are the most frequent genetic alterations found in human cancer. For more than 20 years, TP53 mutation databases have collected over 30,000 somatic mutations from various types of cancer. Analyses of these mutations have led to many types of studies and have improved our knowledge about the TP53 protein and its function. The recent advances in sequencing methodologies and the various cancer genome sequencing projects will lead to a profound shift in database curation and data management. In this paper, we will review the current status of the TP53 mutation database, its application to various fields of research, and how data quality and curation can be improved. We will also discuss how the genetic data will be stored and handled in the future and the consequences for database management.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Database Management Systems
  • Databases, Genetic*
  • Humans
  • Mutation*
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics*

Substances

  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53