Effects of trenbolone acetate and testosterone on growth and on plasma concentrations of corticosterone and ACTH in rats

J Endocrinol. 1990 Sep;126(3):461-6. doi: 10.1677/joe.0.1260461.


The effects of trenbolone acetate (TBA) on growth and on plasma concentrations of corticosterone were examined in male and female rats. At 5 weeks of age, rats were injected with TBA (0.8 mg/kg) dissolved in peanut oil, or with oil alone, daily for 10 days. In female rats, TBA caused an increase in weight gain (20-38%), a reduction in adrenal weight (19%) and a reduction in plasma concentrations of corticosterone (55%). In contrast, TBA-treated male rats showed no significant increase in weight gain, no significant change in adrenal weight and no reduction in plasma concentrations of corticosterone. The mechanism by which adrenal activity was suppressed in TBA-treated female rats was examined and the response compared with that to testosterone. Female rats (8 weeks old) were injected daily either with oil vehicle, TBA (0.8 mg/kg) or testosterone propionate (0.8 mg/kg). Testosterone increased weight gain (24%), but the growth response to TBA treatment was significantly greater (97%). A reduction in plasma concentrations of corticosterone (45%) was again observed in response to TBA. However, testosterone increased plasma concentrations of corticosterone (52%) above those of control values. Neither androgen affected plasma concentrations of ACTH. Finally, the effects of TBA were examined in 6-week-old female rats, to characterize further the apparent age-related increase in responsiveness. The growth response of 6-week-old rats (60-74%) was intermediate between that seen in 5- and 8-week-old animals. It is concluded that part of the anabolic activity of TBA may be related to a reduction in circulating concentrations of corticosterone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Glands / anatomy & histology
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / blood*
  • Age Factors
  • Anabolic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Corticosterone / blood*
  • Female
  • Growth / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Organ Size / drug effects
  • Ovary / anatomy & histology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Testosterone / pharmacology*
  • Trenbolone Acetate / analogs & derivatives*
  • Trenbolone Acetate / pharmacology
  • Weight Gain / drug effects


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Testosterone
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Trenbolone Acetate
  • Corticosterone