Chemical compounds from Phoenician juniper berries (Juniperus phoenicea)

Nat Prod Res. 2011 Oct;25(18):1733-42. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2010.523827. Epub 2011 Jun 27.

Abstract

Natural chemical compounds are a widely researched topic worldwide because of their potential activity against cerebrovascular diseases. Chemicals from Juniperus phoenicea berries are reported in this study. Lipids (11%) from seeds are mainly unsaturated (86%). Minerals are also quantified like Na (63.8 mg per 100 g DW) or K (373.9 mg per 100 g DW). Total reduced sugars are ca 192.6 mg g(-1) DW. Polyphenols and flavonoids from berries are highly present with an average of 1764 ± 174.3 mg gallic acid per 100 g DW and 890 ± 47.6 mg rutin per 100 g DW, respectively. Mean free radical scavenging activities, determined by DPPH and ABTS, are 1337 ± 126.2 mM TEAC per 100 g DW and 1105.7 ± 95.9 mM TEAC per 100 g DW, respectively. All findings improve the possible presence of biologically active fractions in phytocomplex that could be used as such and/or extracted for the formulation of supplements and/or ingredients for the pharmaceutical industry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Benzothiazoles
  • Biphenyl Compounds / metabolism
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Chromatography
  • Flavonoids / analysis
  • Free Radical Scavengers / analysis
  • Free Radical Scavengers / isolation & purification*
  • Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Juniperus / chemistry*
  • Lipids / analysis
  • Lipids / isolation & purification*
  • Picrates / metabolism
  • Plant Extracts / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / isolation & purification*
  • Polyphenols / analysis
  • Potassium / analysis
  • Sodium / analysis
  • Spectrophotometry, Atomic
  • Sulfonic Acids / metabolism
  • Thiazoles / metabolism

Substances

  • Benzothiazoles
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Carbohydrates
  • Flavonoids
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Lipids
  • Picrates
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polyphenols
  • Sulfonic Acids
  • Thiazoles
  • 2,2'-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid
  • Sodium
  • 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl
  • Potassium