Pathogen recognition by the long pentraxin PTX3

J Biomed Biotechnol. 2011;2011:830421. doi: 10.1155/2011/830421. Epub 2011 Jun 2.


Innate immunity represents the first line of defence against pathogens and plays key roles in activation and orientation of the adaptive immune response. The innate immune system comprises both a cellular and a humoral arm. Components of the humoral arm include soluble pattern recognition molecules (PRMs) that recognise pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiate the immune response in coordination with the cellular arm, therefore acting as functional ancestors of antibodies. The long pentraxin PTX3 is a prototypic soluble PRM that is produced at sites of infection and inflammation by both somatic and immune cells. Gene targeting of this evolutionarily conserved protein has revealed a nonredundant role in resistance to selected pathogens. Moreover, PTX3 exerts important functions at the cross-road between innate immunity, inflammation, and female fertility. Here, we review the studies on PTX3, with emphasis on pathogen recognition and cross-talk with other components of the innate immune system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • C-Reactive Protein / genetics
  • C-Reactive Protein / immunology*
  • Female
  • Fertility / genetics
  • Fertility / immunology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Humoral / genetics
  • Immunity, Humoral / immunology*
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Infections / genetics
  • Infections / immunology*
  • Inflammation / genetics
  • Inflammation / immunology*
  • Serum Amyloid P-Component / genetics
  • Serum Amyloid P-Component / immunology*


  • Serum Amyloid P-Component
  • PTX3 protein
  • C-Reactive Protein