Claudins in a primary cultured puffer fish (Tetraodon nigroviridis) gill epithelium

Methods Mol Biol. 2011;762:179-94. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-185-7_13.


A primary cultured gill epithelium from the model organism Tetraodon nigroviridis (spotted green puffer fish) has been developed for the study of claudin tight junction (TJ) proteins and their potential role in the regulation of paracellular permeability across the gills of fishes. The cultured preparation is composed of polygonal epithelial cells that exhibit TJ protein immunoreactivity around the periphery and develop a surface morphology of concentric apical microridges. There is an absence of cells exhibiting intense Na+-K+-ATPase immunoreactivity and taken together, these characteristics indicate that the epithelium is composed of gill pavement cells only. In Tetraodon, 52 genes encoding for claudin isoforms (Tncldn) have been identified and 32 of these genes are expressed in whole gill tissue. Of these genes, 12 are responsive to alterations in environmental salinity in vivo (Tncldn3a, -3c, -6, -8d, -10d, -10e, -11a, -23b, -27a, -27c, -32a, and -33b). All claudin isoforms found in whole gill tissue can be found in cultured pavement cell gill epithelia with the exception of Tncldn6, -10d, and -10e. The cultured preparation is suitable for studying the "molecular machinery" of TJ proteins in fish gill pavement cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods*
  • Claudins / metabolism*
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Epithelium / metabolism*
  • Gills / metabolism*
  • Immunohistochemistry / methods
  • Microscopy, Electron / methods
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tetraodontiformes / metabolism*
  • Tight Junctions / metabolism*
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance / genetics


  • Claudins
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Protein Isoforms