Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against variant III of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRvIII) hold promise for improving tumor selectivity of EGFR-targeted therapy. Here, we compared Fc-mediated effector functions of three mAb against EGFRvIII (MR1-1, ch806, 13.1.2) with those of zalutumumab, a high affinity EGFR mAb in advanced clinical trials. MR1-1 and ch806 demonstrated preferential and 13.1.2 exclusive binding to EGFRvIII, in contrast to zalutumumab, which bound both wild-type and EGFRvIII. All four human IgG1κ mAb mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) of EGFRvIII-expressing cells with mononuclear cells and isolated monocytes, while only zalutumumab in addition triggered ADCC by polymorphonuclear cells. Interestingly, combinations of zalutumumab and EGFRvIII mAb specifically mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) of EGFRvIII-transfected but not wild-type cells. Moreover, EGFRvIII-specific CDC was significantly enhanced when zalutumumab was combined with a Fc-engineered variant of MR1-1 (K326A/E333A). These observations confirm the immunotherapeutic potential of antibody combinations against EGFR, and demonstrate that tumor selectivity can be improved by combining therapeutic EGFR mAb with an antibody against EGFRvIII.
© 2011 Japanese Cancer Association.