Effects of chewing gum on short-term appetite regulation in moderately restrained eaters

Appetite. 2011 Oct;57(2):475-82. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2011.06.008. Epub 2011 Jun 28.


Orosensory stimulation is an important contributing factor to the development of satiation. Providing orosensory stimulation with few calories may satisfy appetite and help to suppress cravings for high energy snacks. This may be a useful strategy for those motivated to lose or maintain weight. The present study tested the hypothesis that chewing sweetened gum will reduce subjective appetite and subsequent snack intake in moderately restrained eaters. Within-subjects, repeated measures study, sixty healthy participants (53 women; body mass index, in kg/m(2): 26.2±4.5) came to the laboratory 4 times for a standard lunch. Immediately after this meal, participants rated hunger, appetite and cravings for sweet and salty snacks every hour until they returned to the laboratory 3 h later for snack. On two occasions during this 3 h period participants chewed gum for at least 15 min at hourly intervals (45 min) and on two occasions no gum was chewed. On two occasions salty snacks were offered and on two occasions sweet snacks were provided. A small but significant reduction in snack intake was observed, chewing gum reduced weight of snack consumed by 10% compared to no gum (p<0.05). Overall, chewing gum for at least 45 min significantly suppressed rated hunger, appetite and cravings for snacks and promoted fullness (p<0.05). This study demonstrated some benefit of chewing gum which could be of utility to those seeking an aid to appetite control.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Appetite Regulation / drug effects*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Chewing Gum*
  • Eating / drug effects*
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hunger
  • Male
  • Mastication
  • Middle Aged
  • Satiation
  • Taste
  • Young Adult


  • Chewing Gum