Background: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the earliest bacteria detected in infants and children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The rise of methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in the last 10 years has caused a lot of attention to this organism.
Results: The aim of this review is to provide a general overview of methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and MRSA, discuss special aspects of S. aureus in cystic fibrosis, and to review treatment concepts. Microbiology of the organism will be reviewed along with data regarding the epidemiology of both MSSA and MRSA. Antibiotic treatments both in regards to acute management and eradication of MSSA and MRSA will be reviewed. Prophylaxis of MSSA in CF remains controversial. Treatment with anti-staphylococcal agents reduces the infection rate with MSSA but may lead to a higher rate of infection with P. aeruginosa. In regards to MRSA, there is a paucity of clinical data regarding approaches to eradication.
Conclusions: To advance the care of CF patients, controlled clinical trials are urgently needed to find the optimal approach to treating CF patients who are infected with either MSSA or MRSA.
Copyright © 2011 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.