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Review
, 42 (8), 812-22

[Studies on Pathogenesis of Cervical Carcinoma Based on the Analysis of Growth and Differentiation Mechanism of Cervical Epithelium]

[Article in Japanese]
Affiliations
  • PMID: 2172418
Review

[Studies on Pathogenesis of Cervical Carcinoma Based on the Analysis of Growth and Differentiation Mechanism of Cervical Epithelium]

[Article in Japanese]
I Konishi. Nihon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi.

Abstract

Recently cervical cancer is defined as a sexually-transmitted disease, and human papillomavirus (HPV) has been focused as one of its etiologic agents. It is known that cervical cancer is extraordinarily rare in non-human mammals that have the estrous cycle. In contrast, cervical cancer is frequent in human beings which have lost the estrous cycle, and subsequently evolved a sexual behavior irrespective of the menstrual phase. Therefore, upon the hypothesis that the estrous cycle is a period protected from a sexually transmitted disease, we studied the status of local defence mechanism and growth/differentiation of normal cervical epithelium during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Then, the influence of HPV-infection on the growth and differentiation of cervical epithelium was analyzed. As a local immune system of the cervix, both IgA and IgG are secreted in the cervical mucus, and the levels in the follicular phase were significantly higher than those during the luteal phase and pregnancy. An existence of local defence mechanism in the follicular phase is suggested. Analysis of a cell proliferation antigen Ki-67 in normal cervix revealed that parabasal cells enter the cell cycle more frequently in the luteal phase than in the follicular phase. Basal and reserve cells are usually resting, but a few cells enter the cell cycle during the luteal phase and during pregnancy. Since cycling cells are more susceptible to viral infection, the basal and/or reserve cells during the luteal phase and pregnancy are suggested to be under the risk for HPV infection. As factors regulating growth and differentiation of cervical squamous epithelium, immunohistochemical expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), c-erbB-2 protein, adult T-cell leukemia-derived factor (ADF), and HPV DNA was examined. In normal cervix, basal cells were usually ER-positive and PR-negative. Parabasal cells were ER-positive and PR-negative in the follicular phase, while they were ER-negative and PR-positive during the luteal phase and pregnancy. Considering the results of Ki-67 expression, the ER-negative and PR-positive status is possibly related to the proliferation of the cervical squamous epithelium. In cervical condylomas, basal cells infected by HPV6/11 were ER-positive, but HPV16/18-infected cells were ER-negative. Neoplastic cells of CINs and invasive squamous carcinomas containing HPV DNA 16/18 were ER-negative, while those containing HPV DNA 31/33/35 were weakly ER-positive. PR was positive in 2 of 2 condylomas, 18 of 26 CINs, and 13 of 22 invasive carcinomas.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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