Multi-target EGFR, VEGFR-2 and PDGFR inhibitors are highly useful anticancer agents with improved therapeutic efficacies. In this work, we used two virtual screening methods, support vector machines (SVM) and molecular docking, to identify a novel series of benzimidazole derivatives, 2-aryl benzimidazole compounds, as multi-target EGFR, VEGFR-2 and PDGFR inhibitors. 2-Aryl benzimidazole compounds were synthesized and their biological activities against a tumor cell line HepG-2 and specific kinases were evaluated. Among these compounds, compounds 5a and 5e exhibited high cytotoxicity against HepG-2 cells with IC₅₀ values at ∼2 μM. Further kinase assay study showed that compound 5a have good EGFR inhibitory activity and moderate VEGFR-2 and PDGFR inhibitory activities, while 5e have moderate EGFR inhibitory activity and slightly weaker VEGFR-2 and PDGFR inhibitory activities. Molecular docking analysis suggested that compound 5a more tightly interacts with EGFR and PDGFR than compound 5e. Our study discovered a novel series of benzimidazole derivatives as multi-target EGFR, VEGFR-2 and PDGFR kinases inhibitors.
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